International projects

Current

Role of Clavariaceae (fungi) in grassland ecosystems
Duration: -
Evidence number:bez evidenčného čísla
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:Mgr. Adamčík Slavomír, PhD.
Partner countries:United Kingdom
FULLRECO4US - Cross-border transfer and development of sustainable resource recovery strategies towards zero waste
Duration:28. 9. 2021 - 27. 9. 2025
Evidence number:COST CA20133
Program:COST
Project leader:Ing. Hricová Andrea, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Ing. Lancíková Veronika, PhD.
Annotation:Waste is being generated as a result of population growth, industrialization, and improvement of human standard of living. In the absence of efficient waste management systems, waste ends in landfills and in the environment (through informal discharges) leading to pollution and to a linear economy. Due to increasing awareness of the deleterious effects on the environment and human health, policies are being gradually implemented to motivate a mindset shift from linear to circular (bio)economies and decouple economic growth from use of resources. Full waste recycling and valorization will play a crucial role in the establishment of sustainable circular (bio)economies. Although waste recycling and valorization strategies have started to be implemented across borders within Europe, their implementation level is not homogenous and harmonization is needed. FULLRECO4US is an answer to this need and will function as a discussion platform centred on holistic approaches to waste recycling and valorization, and on the development of new cross-border interdisciplinary and intersectoral networks. These networks, in turn, will cooperate in the development of feasible and environmentally-friendly resource recovery approaches that can be translated into, e.g., competitive research funding applications and contribute to building research and innovation capacity within Europe and beyond. FULLRECO4US will include a set of networking activities such as Short-Term Scientific Missions, Workshops, Conference and Symposium attendance, supported by Working Groups focused on genesis of holistic approaches for waste recycling and valorization, engagement of stakeholders, and on dissemination and communication of Action’s results to enhance impact, consensus, and harmonization of newly built strategies.
Partner countries:Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, United Kingdom
Project website:https://www.cost.eu/actions/CA20133/
Network on water-energy-food Nexus for a low-carbon economy in Europe and beyond
Duration:25. 5. 2021 - 24. 5. 2025
Evidence number:CA20138
Program:COST
Project leader:Ing. Lancíková Veronika, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Ing. Hricová Andrea, PhD.
Annotation:An international network of researchers is working with policymakers and the business sector to better understand how the water-energy-food Nexus fosters policy coherence in the domains of water, energy and food, supporting the transition towards a circular and low-carbon economy in Europe. Focus is on job creation, enhancing wellbeing and care for the environment. The Nexus concept is tested at different scales (i.e. local, regional, national, European), while the international dimension is explored through the involvement of international proposers. More Nexus-compliant practices are foreseen through a knowledge sharing hub at European level and beyond. Public-private initiatives pave the path for Nexus compliant practices, building on network members’ advice. NEXUSNET will deliver examples of nexus compliant decision making, and recommendations to best achieve them, to come-up with an overview of Good Nexus Practices in Europe (policy coherence, Nexus-compliant practices and more coherent nexus evaluations). Transdisciplinary approaches are adopted to test Nexus compliant practices with the involvement of relevant stakeholders, while interaction and engagement with current and finished Nexus-related projects will be pursued. Academic Nexus knowledge will be translated into practical and applicable knowledge for the private sector or policy makers. A series of intense knowledge transfer and dissemination actions are planned to ensure that the network will have a significant impact in Europe and beyond.
Partner countries:Austria, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, France, Greece, Norway, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
PLANTMETALS - Trace metal metabolism in plants
Duration:8. 10. 2020 - 7. 10. 2024
Evidence number:COST CA19116
Program:COST
Project leader:doc. RNDr. Vaculík Marek, PhD.
Annotation:Many trace metals (TMs) (e.g. Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Zn) are essential for organisms as active centres of enzymes, as about one third of all proteins are metalloproteins. Therefore, TM homeostasis in plants is at the core of many challenges currently facing agriculture and human societies. Low TM bioavailability in many soil types of large world areas causes a reduction in crop production and diminishes nutritional value of food. Some essential TMs (e.g. Cu) have narrow beneficial concentration ranges, while others (e.g. Cd, Hg) are usually only toxic, and in many areas of the world metal toxicity is a severe agricultural and environmental problem. For environmental risk assessment and remediation, as well as improved agriculture (targeted fertilisation and breeding), the mechanisms of TM uptake, distribution, speciation, physiological use, deficiency, toxicity and detoxification need to be better understood. This Action aims at elucidating them by the combined expertise of researchers (physiologists, (bio)physicists, (bio)(geo)chemists, molecular geneticists, ecologists, agronomists and soil scientists). It furthermore aims at making this knowledge applicable to the needs of farmers and consumers, with input from companies for translating laboratory results into applied products. This shall be done by integrated scientific, communication and dissemination activities, pooling together our research efforts. Regular meetings within and between the workgroups of this COST Action, training workshops for young scientists, as well as by technology transfer meetings will be organised in cooperation with the partner companies within the Action, as well as producers and merchants of micronutrient fertilisers.
Partner countries:Algeria, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Jordan, Lithuania, Malta, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
Project website:https://www.cost.eu/actions/CA19116/
EPI-CATCH - EPIgenetic mechanisms of Crop Adaptation To Climate cHange
Duration:17. 9. 2020 - 16. 9. 2024
Evidence number:COST CA19125
Program:COST
Project leader:Ing. Lancíková Veronika, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Ing. Hricová Andrea, PhD.
Annotation:The ultimate objective of this proposed COST action is to define, develop, generate and share new breaking knowledge and methodologies for the investigation of epigenetic mechanisms modulating plant adaptation to environmental stresses driven by climate change. So far, no international network has been created with the aim of standardizing methodology in plant epigenetics/epigenomics and better integrate these data with other “omic” approaches. EPI-CATCH will create a pan-European framework for networking in this under-investigated research field. This COST Action will use a unique cross-disciplinary approach that brings together industrial developers, molecular geneticists, molecular biologists, crop breeders, agronomists, plant pathologists, and bioinformaticians. EPI-CATCH will explore new frontiers on both innovative and translational research targeting the new challenges in plant epigenetics. Four main specific objectives will be addressed by four working groups : 1) update of the most recent findings in crop epigenomics related to climate change, 2) development of new concepts and approaches in crop epigenetics and epigenomics that can be transferable in other living organisms, 3) establishment of common standardized pipelines, methods and workflows for generation, analysis and interpretation of epigenetic/epigenomic data, 4) an intense output dissemination and training for early-career scientists. The methodologies, concepts and ideas developed by EPI-CATCH will assist stakeholders to develop future innovative technologies to enhance environmental sustainability of agriculture in a rapid climate change scenario.
Partner countries:Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, United Kingdom
Project website:https://www.cost.eu/actions/CA19125/#tabs|Name:overview
ELTtoEFDi - Evolutionary legacy of the Turkish flora and its influence on formation of the European plant diversity: Evidence from genome to ecology
Duration:1. 7. 2021 - 30. 6. 2024
Evidence number:475542
Program:JRP
Project leader:prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol, DrSc.
Annotation:xx
Partner countries:Turkey
ConservePlants - Biodiversity of temperate forest taxa orienting management sustainability by unifying perspectives
Duration:13. 11. 2019 - 12. 11. 2023
Evidence number:COST CA18207
Program:COST
Project leader:RNDr. Šibík Jozef, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Mgr. Šibíková Mária, PhD.
Annotation:The main aim and objective of the Action is to The Action challenge is to substantially increase the degree of management sustainability of European forest ecosystems in order to maintain their social, environmental and economic values in the long-term. It will be addressed by establishing a knowledge platform able to standardize and apply the existing information on forest biodiversity.
Partner countries:Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Moldova, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey
Project website:https://www.cost.eu/actions/CA18207
Ex situ conservation of conifer tree species using in vitro cultures and cryopreservation techniques - in the frame of An integrated approach to conservation of threatened plants for the 21st Century
Duration:15. 10. 2019 - 14. 10. 2023
Evidence number:COST CA18201
Program:COST
Project leader:RNDr. Salaj Terézia, DrSc.
SAS cosolvers:Mgr. Ihradská Veronika, Mgr. Klubicová Katarína, PhD., Mgr. Perniš Miroslav, PhD., doc. RNDr. Salaj Ján, DrSc.
Annotation:The overarching aim of this Action is to improve plant conservation in Europe through the establishment of a network of scientists and other stakeholders who deal with different aspects of plant conservation, from plant taxonomy, ecology, conservation genetics, conservation physiology and reproductive biology to protected area\'s managers.The aim of research group at IPGB PSBC SAS is the study of somatic embryogenesis, including initiation of the process, maturation as well as plantlet regeneration in Pinus nigra, Abies alba and Abies hybrids. The study will be focused on physiological, biochemical as well as structural aspects, important for understanding of the mechanism underlying somatic embryogenesis. For cryopreservation of embryogenic tissue the slow-freezing method, suitable for unorganised cell and tissue cultures, will be used.
Partner countries:Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom
Project website:https://www.cost.eu/actions/CA18201
An integrated approach to conservation of threatened plants for the 21st Century
Duration:15. 10. 2019 - 14. 10. 2023
Evidence number:COST CA18201
Program:COST
Project leader:Mgr. Šibíková Mária, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Mgr. Čahojová Lucia, Mgr. Podroužková Medvecká Jana, PhD., RNDr. Šibík Jozef, PhD., Mgr. Žemlová Silvia
Partner countries:Albania, Belgium, Slovakia
Project website:https://www.cost.eu/actions/CA18201
Genome editing in plants - a technology with transformative potential
Duration:25. 4. 2019 - 24. 4. 2023
Evidence number:COST CA18111
Program:COST
Project leader:Ing. Jopčík Martin , PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Ing. Libantová Jana, CSc., Ing. Rajninec Miroslav
Annotation:A great challenge of this century is to provide adequate nutrition for an increasing global population while developing a more socially, economically and environmentally sustainable agriculture that counters climate change, biodiversity loss and degradation of arable land. Plant research and breeding are very important in meeting this challenge. Building on scientific progress, a number of genome editing techniques have been developed over the past two decades allowing an unprecedented level of precision in our control over genetic material and its corresponding traits.This COST Action will bring together expertise from a range of disciplines to evaluate plant genome editing techniques and their resulting products from various perspectives. The findings will serve to design a roadmap for directing and facilitating applications of genome editing in plant research and breeding, which in turn will help setting R&D priorities and stimulating further cross-national and cross-disciplinary collaborations.
Partner countries:Albania, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Moldova, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
Project website:https://www.cost.eu/actions/CA18111/#tabs|Name:overview
SOURDOmiCS - SOURDOugh biotechnology network towards novel, healthier and sustainable food and bioprocesses
Duration:10. 4. 2019 - 9. 4. 2023
Evidence number:COST CA18101
Program:COST
Project leader:Ing. Hricová Andrea, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:RNDr. Gajdošová Alena, CSc., Ing. Lancíková Veronika, PhD.
Annotation:Traditional sourdough bread resorts to spontaneous fermentations leading to natural selections of microorganisms, mainly yeasts and lactic acid bacteria. Such microorganisms are essentially beneficial to humans and, concomitantly, inhibits propagation of undesirable microbiota. Sourdough fermentation was probably one of the first microbial processes employed by Man for food production and preservation. Sourdough bread stills widely manufactured at farm level across Europe and worldwide and is highly appreciated by consumers for its distinct flavour, texture and healthy attributes. Through a bottom-up approach, this COST Action network brings together a multidisciplinary group of scientists and SMEs/LEs dedicated for many decades to study cereals and sourdough technologies. In upstream, it aims at exploitation autochthonous (pseudo)cereals with good baking, nutritional and healthy attributes, while promoting a sustainable agriculture and preserving genetic diversity. Simultaneously, aims at contributing to develop new business opportunities to local farmers through their engagement into food processing with shared small-scale breadmaking facilities, and the integration into industrial and trade chains. Such features are in agreement with European Agenda for Food and Environment. In downstream, the biotechnological sourdough fermentation exploitation comprises several objectives: design starter cultures with a wide range of biotechnological applications; production of healthy and tasty varieties of bread, thus catalysing changes in consumers\' diets and market orientations; production of high-added value metabolites resorting to sourdough microbiota; and valorisation of by-products from cereal production and sourdough technologies.
Partner countries:Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States
Project website:https://www.cost.eu/actions/CA18101/#tabs|Name:overview
COST ETN - The European Aquatic Animal Tracking Network
Duration:1. 4. 2019 - 31. 3. 2023
Evidence number:COST CA18102
Program:COST
Project leader:Mgr. Pekárik Ladislav, PhD.
Annotation:Telemetry is a commonly applied method to investigate the ecology and movement behaviour of aquatic species in relation to their environment. It provides a scientific basis for management and conservation and has significantly improved our understanding of ecosystem functioning and dynamics. More specifically, telemetry provides valuable data that can be used in many policies and directives. As a result, large scale nationally and regionally managed initiatives were implemented around the globe in recent years. Although there is a large and growing number of researchers in Europe using biotelemetry to study aquatic animals and answer management-related questions, there is a stringent lack of in-field telemetry collaborations in Europe. This situation represents a substantial loss of opportunities for: scientific excellence, funding opportunities and competitivity of European SME on the international biotelemetry market. With this COST Action, we want to close this gap and the overarching objective is to ensure a transition from a loosely-coordinated set of existing regional telemetry initiatives to a sustainable, efficient, and integrated pan-European biotelemetry network embedded in the international context of already existing initiatives. This will be achieved through working group meetings, workshops, training courses and scientific missions focused on: 1) Implementing a centralised European database, requirements and policy mapped to the data standards of existing international biotelemetry data systems, 2) improve the usefulness and inter-applicability of currently available technology and foster technological advancements, 3) promoting the establishment of key telemetry infrastructure and research on key species, and 4) provide continuous training opportunities and disseminate knowledge to the stakeholders\' community.
Partner countries:Australia, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Lithuania, Malta, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States
Project website:http://www.lifewatch.be/etn/
G-BIKE - Genomic biodiversity knowledge for resilient ecosystems
Duration:1. 3. 2019 - 31. 3. 2023
Evidence number:COST CA18134
Program:COST
Project leader:RNDr. Čiampor Fedor, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Ing. Čejka Tomáš, PhD., RNDr. Čiamporová-Zaťovičová Zuzana, PhD., Mgr. Pekárik Ladislav, PhD.
Annotation:In a rapidly changing environment the resilience of ecosystems depends ultimately on species adaptability. G-BIKE will enable standard and routine tools for assessing, monitoring and managing the genetic resilience and related adaptive potential of wild and captive populations. Although genetic data can be obtained for most organisms, the standardization of protocols for detecting and monitoring species’ genetic diversity, and their potential for adaptation, is still lacking. G-BIKE will assist scientists and practitioners across the EU and particularly in COST Inclusiveness Target Countries to integrate genetic and evolutionary knowledge into conservation planning policies, and to promote cross-border management and long term monitoring programs of evolutionary potential in order to ensure persistence of populations and species, and ultimately the continued supply of nature-based ecosystem services. Considering the drastic impacts of climate change during the coming decades, G-BIKE is especially urgent. The following aims will be accomplished by involving a balanced representation of scientists and practitioners from a diversity of countries: 1) clearly articulating for managers how genetic diversity can support ecosystems; 2) developing and testing best practice protocols for monitoring genetic diversity in time and space; 3) providing an online forum on emerging tools; 4) connecting all stakeholders through networking and training opportunities; 4) building a network of conservation genetics labs; 5) building a foundation for long term impact.
Partner countries:Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
Project website:https://www.cost.eu/actions/CA18134
DiSSCo Prepare - Distributed System of Scientific Collections – Preparatory Phase Project
Duration:1. 2. 2020 - 31. 1. 2023
Evidence number:871043
Program:Horizont 2020
Project leader:prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol, DrSc.
SAS cosolvers:Mgr. Smatanová Janka, Mgr. Šlenker Marek, PhD.
Annotation:The premise of the project of the European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures ESFRI – DiSSCo is the fact the European natural history collections comprise approx. 1.5 billion biological and geological objects, which represents approx. 55 % of the world collections and documents approx. 80 % of known current and past biological and geological diversity on the Earth. The aim of the project is to prepare pan European distributed system of interconnected natural history collections. The current state of affairs, when collections are fragmented and information about them are mostly not digitized should be changed into integrated data pan European infrastructure. As part of the Slovak participation in this infrastructure, we expect in long term, depending on the extent of national funding provided to this ESFRI project, digitalisation of all botanical, mycological and zoological collections in our country. We expect also digitalisation of existing literature records on the distribution of plants, fungi and animals in Slovakia that are currently mostly available in analogue form only.
Partner countries:Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom
Project website:https://www.dissco.eu/prepare/
Tracking the effects of the whole-genome multiplication on clonal reproduction in plants
Duration:1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2022
Evidence number:Mob-Open-05-20
Program:Open Mobility
Project leader:RNDr. Šingliarová Barbora, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:RNDr. Skokanová Katarína, PhD., Mgr. Šlenker Marek, PhD., Mgr. Zozomová Judita, PhD.
Annotation:Polyploidy, the state when organism posses three or more haploid sets of chromosomes, is a widespread phenomenon generating evolutionary innovations in angiosperms. However, initially neopolyploids originating via the whole genome multiplication within one species (autopolyploids) suffer by reduced fitness compared to diploid ancestors due to disturbed meiosis and negative effects of majority-minority cytotype interactions. Enhanced clonal reproduction might increase chances for successful establishment and thus evolution of neopolyploids. It is largely unknown whether polyploidization is a cause or consequence of increased clonal growth, what the underlying factors are and what is the ecological impact of such a shift in reproduction between closely related cytotypes. In this project we use diploid – autopolyploid Pilosella rhodopea occuring in Balkan mountain ranges as a model species and a combination of field, experimental and anatomical approaches to tackle these issues. Our project will help understand effects of autopolyploidization on evolution of new reproductive traits in angiosperms.
Partner countries:Bulgaria
MOBILISE - Mobilising Data, Policies and Experts in Scientific Collections
Duration:1. 10. 2018 - 1. 10. 2022
Evidence number:COST CA17106
Program:COST
Project leader:prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol, DrSc.
SAS cosolvers:Ing. Kučera Jaromír, PhD., Mgr. Smatanová Janka, RNDr. Španiel Stanislav, PhD.
Annotation:European Natural Science Collections host approximately 1.5 billion biological and geological collection objects, which represent about 80% of the known current and past biological and geological diversity on earth. The scope of this MOBILISE is to foster a cooperative network in Europe to support excellent research activities, and facilitate knowledge and technology transfer around natural science collections. This will prepare the ground for a future pan-European Distributed System of Scientific Collections.The COST Action MOBILISE will: (1) Facilitate the transfer of knowledge and technology between researchers, domain specialists, data aggregators and industry by networking activities, events, workshops and trainings (“Open to the world”)(2) Promote the development of innovative techniques and coordinated prioritisation to increase efficiency of large scale collection digitisation and mobilisation (“Open innovation”)(3) Raise awareness about the need in science and society that, apart from physical access, sustainable data access infrastructures are an integral component of biodiversity research (“Open access”)
Partner countries:Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Luxembourg, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
NaturaSat - software for exploring Natura 2000 habitats by satellite data
Duration:1. 10. 2020 - 30. 9. 2022
Evidence number:ESA-IPL-PTS-PECS-LE-2020-160
Program:European Space Agency (ESA)
Project leader:Mgr. Šibíková Mária, PhD.
Annotation:The presented proposal represents convergence research solving complex questions requiring a multidisciplinary approach. It integrates knowledge of fieldwork scientists, mathematicians, and stakeholders focusing on habitat use and nature conservancy – especially the Natura 2000 network.The project objective is to build up the NaturaSat software allowing botanists, environmentalists, and nature conservationists across Europe to explore Natura 2000 habitats by using Sentinel-2 optical data. Achieving the project goals will guarantee the accurate area identification and classification of European protected habitats and continuous monitoring of their Spatio-temporal distribution and quality by the NaturaSat software.The project builds on the successful solution of the first phase, supported by ESA. We created a software prototype - NATURASAT, which should now be completed and tested in practice for its subsequent use by interested organizations or the private sector.

Finished

Increasing understanding of alien species through citizen science – Alien CSI
Duration:1. 6. 2018 - 30. 6. 2022
Evidence number:COST CA17122
Program:COST
Project leader:Mgr. Pekárik Ladislav, PhD.
Partner countries:Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
Restoration of sterlet populations in the Austrian Danube - LIFE
Duration:1. 1. 2015 - 30. 6. 2022
Evidence number:LIFE14 NAT/AT/000057
Program:LIFE
Project leader:Mgr. Pekárik Ladislav, PhD.
Partner countries:Austria
KEW - Conserving the endemic flora of the Carpathian region
Duration:1. 1. 2019 - 30. 6. 2022
Evidence number:
Program:Iné
Project leader:Ing. Kučera Jaromír, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Mgr. Gbúrová Štubňová Eliška, PhD., Mgr. Slovák Marek, PhD., RNDr. Šibík Jozef, PhD.
Other cosolvers:RNDr. Peter Turis (Správa NP Nízke Tatry), RNDr. Ján Kliment, CSc. (Botanická záhrada Univerzity Komenského, pracovisko Blatnica)
Annotation:This project cover seed collecting and research activities of vascular plants in Carpathian region with special focus on Carpathian endemics, sub-endemics, and regional endangered species found at the edge of their distribution. In 2017 was developed Carpathians research network which connecting experts from five different countries. Project is managed by our Institution and finnaced by RGB Kew. The main aims of the project are: ex situ conservation of seeds – seed banking; comprehensive biosystematic investigation of selected Carpathian endemic taxa and taxa groups (we selected five different model genera which include Carpathian endemics – Carex curvula agg., D. arbuscula Čelak. and D. petraea Leyb., Soldanella L.: sect. Soldanella, Draba L.: sect. Aizopsis, sect. Chrysodraba and sect. Leucodraba, Silene zawadzkii Herbich); and developing a detailed distribution database for the entire endemic flora of the Carpathians and publishing the Flora Endemica Carpatica monograph.
Partner countries:Czech Republic, France, Poland, Romania, Ukraine, United Kingdom
Knowledge conversion for enhancing management of European riparian ecosystems and services
Duration:9. 11. 2017 - 8. 11. 2021
Evidence number:COST CA16208
Program:COST
Project leader:Mgr. Šibíková Mária, PhD.
Partner countries:Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United States
DNAqua-Net - Developing new genetic tools for bioassessment of aquatic ecosystems in Europe
Duration:20. 10. 2016 - 30. 4. 2021
Evidence number:COST CA15219
Program:COST
Project leader:RNDr. Čiampor Fedor, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:RNDr. Čiamporová-Zaťovičová Zuzana, PhD.
Annotation:The protection, preservation and restoration of aquatic ecosystems and their functions is of global importance. For European states it became legally binding mainly through the EU-Water Framework Directive (WFD). In order to assess the ecological status of a given water body, aquatic biodiversity data are obtained and compared to a reference water body. The quantified mismatch thus obtained determines the extent of potential management actions. The current approach to biodiversity assessment is based on morpho-taxonomy. This approach has many drawback such as being time consuming, limited in temporal and spatial resolution, and error-prone due to variation of individual taxonomic expertise of the analysts. Novel genomic tools can overcome many of the aforesaid problems and could complement or even replace traditional bioassessment. Yet, a plethora of approaches are independently developed in different institutions, thereby hampering any concerted routine application. The goal of this Action is to nucleate a group of researchers across disciplines with the task to identify gold-standard genomic tools and novel eco-genomic indices for routine application for biodiversity assessments of European water bodies. Furthermore, DNAqua-Net will provide a platform for training of the next generation of European researchers preparing them for the new technologies. Jointly with water managers, politicians and other stakeholders, the group will develop a conceptual framework for the standard application of eco-genomic tools as part of legally binding assessments.
Partner countries:Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay
Project website:http://www.cost.eu/COST_Actions/ca/CA15219, http://www.dnaqua.net
Chasmophyte communities – important habitat of rare and endemic plant species
Duration:1. 1. 2018 - 31. 12. 2020
Evidence number:SAV-BAS 18-13
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:RNDr. Valachovič Milan, DrSc.
Partner countries:Bulgaria
Ecological and geographical peculiarities and main migration ways of invasive plant species in the border area of Ukraine and Slovakia
Duration:6. 4. 2017 - 31. 12. 2019
Evidence number:18
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:RNDr. Májeková Jana, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Mgr. Podroužková Medvecká Jana, PhD., RNDr. Zaliberová Mária, CSc.
Annotation:The project is intended to clarify the main factors playing the key role in modern dynamic trends of invasive species in the border area of Ukraine and Slovakia. These data will form the scientific foundations of monitoring of invasive species and control of their dispersal. As a result of the joint Ukrainian-Slovak project, ecological, coenological and geographical peculiarities of invasive species on the border area of Ukraine and Slovakia will be established, and for the first time the expansion trends and main migration routes of invasive species in the regions will be assessed.
Partner countries:Ukraine
BENDIS - A next generation plant biostimulant based on strigolactones included into stimuli responsive nanoformulation
Duration:1. 1. 2018 - 31. 12. 2019
Evidence number:
Program:Horizont 2020
Project leader:RNDr. Matúšová Radoslava, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Ing. Kleman Juraj, Mgr. Klubicová Katarína, PhD., RNDr. Salaj Terézia, DrSc.
Annotation:The BENDIS project aims to integrate technologies for the industrial production of a next generation plant biostimulant based on strigolactones (SL) analogs and mimics, included into a stimulus controlled release nanoformulation. A better harnessing of exogenously applied SL analogues/mimics requires such formulations, which protect SL from rapid degradation and promote their steady release at the biologically active concentrations under controlled conditions – i.e. root mediated pH changes in the soil.
Partner countries:Romania, Slovakia
NATURAsat - Software tools for monitoring NATURA 2000 habitats by satellite images
Duration:1. 12. 2017 - 30. 11. 2019
Evidence number:ESA No. 4000122575/17/NL/SC
Program:European Space Agency (ESA)
Project leader:Mgr. Šibíková Mária, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:RNDr. Šibík Jozef, PhD.
Annotation:The objective of the project is to exactly localize and classify NATURA 2000 habitats in territory of Slovakia and to monitor their dynamics and qualitative changes by dedicated image segmentation software. The localization, classification and dynamic space-time segmentation and tracking will be based on processing and analysis of Sentinel-1 synthetic aperture radar data (SAR), Sentinel-2 multispectral imaging data and its combination. We will provide proof-of-concept and feasibility of our strategies for NATURA 2000 habitats classification and monitoring their dynamics by using the Earth observation data. To that goal we shall develop software prototype suitable for botanists and nature conservationists. We will also identify potential software users among environmental organizations in Slovakia. The proposed project represents preparatory activity, a feasibility study of suggested research concept and software development. The outputs will be novel at the world-wide level, with great potential to be used not only in Slovakia but across the whole Europe. This preparatory study will lead to future R&D projects with the aim to develop alpha and beta versions of dedicated software for segmentation and tracking of NATURA 2000 habitats.
Partner countries:Slovakia
The optimization of the conditions for in vitro reproduction and cultivation of non-traditional fruit lianes Actinidia arguta and Schisandra chinensis cultivars (Ukrainian selection)
Duration:6. 4. 2017 - 6. 4. 2019
Evidence number:
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:RNDr. Libiaková Gabriela, CSc.
SAS cosolvers:RNDr. Gajdošová Alena, CSc., Mgr. Hunková Júlia, PhD.
Annotation:This project will initiate cooperation between Institutions in the area of plant micropropagation and will promote level of research. The realization of the project will enable to successfully propagate and cultivate the valuable species for human health (Actinidia arguta and Schizandra chinensis), which will have commercial effect and social and ecological value.
Partner countries:Ukraine
iPLANTA - Modifying plants to produce interfering RNA
Duration:27. 10. 2016 - 31. 12. 2018
Evidence number:COST CA 15223
Program:COST
Project leader:doc. Ing. Moravčíková Jana, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Ing. Boszorádová Eva, PhD., RNDr. Gregorová Zuzana, PhD., doc. Ing. Moravčíková Jana, PhD.
Other cosolvers:Mgr. Mária Zimová - externý doktorand
Annotation:Modern research has identified the high potential of carnivorous plants for biotechnological use. However, regulatory mechanisms in biological and metabolic processes in these plants have not yet been elucidated. Different types of small RNA have an important role in these processes. These molecules regulate various aspects of plant developmental processes and are also involved in regulating the response of plants to environmental stress. The project focuses on the isolation and analysis of these molecules in Drosera plants. Insulating kits and available protocols will be the starting point, but the optimization of procedures will be necessary for the problem of these plants\' knits. The obtained protocols for the isolation and analysis of small RNAs are a prerequisite for research into the regulation of individual processes in carnivorous plants such as prey digestion or nutrient recovery, environmental stress responses.
Partner countries:Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Poland, Sweden
Contribution of IB SAS to the international project Millenium Seed Bank
Duration:1. 1. 2007 - 31. 12. 2018
Evidence number:
Program:Iné
Project leader:Ing. Kučera Jaromír, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Ing. Kučera Jaromír, PhD., prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol, DrSc., Mgr. Slovák Marek, PhD.
Annotation:The MSB project is the largest ex situ plant conservation programme in the world. Project focus is on global plant life faced with the threat of extinction and plants of most use for the future. The seeds we save are conserved in seed banks as an insurance against the risk of extinction in their native habitat. Working with network of partners across 80 countries, were successfully banked over 13% of the world\'s wild plant species. The main goal of the project is to save 25% of those species with bankable seeds by 2020 (75,000 species). IB SAS coordinate seeds colection actvities in Slovakia. Target taxa for seed collecting are endemics, endangered and invasive plants. Seeds are stored at MSB Kew and at Gene Bank in Piešťany. Since 2007 were collected and stored from Slovakia 752 taxa. In future we plan to cover with cooperation of several Institutions from relevant countries whole Carpathians area as well as Balkan Peninsula.
Partner countries:United Kingdom
Somatic embryogenesis in selected conifer species: initiation of embryogenic tissues, their maintenance, maturation of somatic embryos and plantlet regeneration
Duration:1. 1. 2016 - 31. 12. 2018
Evidence number:15
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:RNDr. Salaj Terézia, DrSc.
SAS cosolvers:Mgr. Klubicová Katarína, PhD., RNDr. Matúšová Radoslava, PhD., doc. RNDr. Salaj Ján, DrSc.
Annotation:Somatic embryogenesis (SE) is an in vitro process of embryo differentiation from somatic cells of a plant body. In conifers the process involves several steps as: initiation of embryogenic tissues, their maintenance, somatic embryo maturation and plantlet (somatic seedlings) regeneration. Each step requires specific conditions and is affected by several factors. The submitted proposal intends to study the individual steps of SE, mostly the effect of primary explant developmental stage, plant growth regulators influence as well as osmotic potential of the culture medium. Species as Abies alba, Pinus sylvestris and Pinus nigra will be included as experimental material.
Partner countries:Poland
Stress-inducible expression of arabinogalactans and defence-related proteins in relation to androgenesis initiation
Duration:1. 1. 2016 - 31. 12. 2018
Evidence number:SAV-PAV č. 11
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:doc. Ing. Moravčíková Jana, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Ing. Boszorádová Eva, PhD., RNDr. Gregorová Zuzana, PhD.
Other cosolvers:Mgr. Mária Zimová
Annotation:Understanding of mechanisms leading to plant embryogenesis under inducible stress conditions (e.g. temperature and/or osmotic stress) at the molecular level is crucial in crop improvement. To overcome resistance of genotypes to microspore embryogenesis (ME) under in vitro conditions, selectable markers for responsiveness/recalcitrance are essential to be identified. Pathogenesis-related proteins (PRs, PR3; chitinases) involved in the plant defence (a)biotic responses with arabinogalactans (AGPs), probably functioned in cell division, differentiation and development, seem to be good candidates. The aim of this project is to characterize the expression of PR3 and AGPs in relation to ME induction effectiveness in rye (Secale cereale L.).
Partner countries:Poland
Study of the dynamic behaviour of SnRK1.1 by advanced fluorescence microscopy techniques in planta
Duration:1. 1. 2018 - 30. 6. 2018
Evidence number:S/ARG 17-02
Program:ICGEB
Project leader:doc. RNDr. Jásik Ján, DrSc.
Annotation:The evolutionary conserved TOR and SnRK1 kinase complexes are key regulators in adjusting plant cellular metabolism in response to cellular energy status. During starvation, growth promoting conditions or situations of excess of energy, the function of these complexes is to reach a metabolic homeostasis by establishing anabolic or catabolic regimes. Both complexes deploy a wide variety of molecular mechanisms to fulfil this function (e.g. wide-ranging transcriptional reprogramming, translational regulation and/or metabolic reprogramming). Sugar content is considered one of the candidates to be the energy level signal, though how this information is perceived by TOR and SnRK1. Having as premise that SnRK1 might be receiving this information in a specific intracellular location, we conducted thoughtful localisation studies of this kinase. The analysis of SnRK1 dynamic behaviour, together with similar studies conducted on TOR, provides novel evidence about the energy sensing mechanisms and the crosstalk between these two main regulatory pathways. To sum up, our work introduces a new model of the interaction of TOR and SnRK1 and the putative mechanisms that relate them with the energy production in plant cells.
Partner countries:Argentina
The quest for tolerant varieties - Phenotyping at plant and cellular level
Duration:22. 5. 2014 - 21. 5. 2018
Evidence number:COST FA1306
Program:COST
Project leader:RNDr. Salaj Terézia, DrSc.
SAS cosolvers:Mgr. Klubicová Katarína, PhD.
Annotation:The project is focused on the study of physiological, biochemical and structural aspects of somatic embryogenesis. Somatic embryogenesis is development of embryos from somatic cells of a plant body under in vitro conditions. The process involves several steps as initiation of embryogenic tissues, maturation and germination of somatic embryos and transfer to soil. Each of the mentioned steps will be studied in details with aim to improve the process. The role of nutrient medium composition and explants will be tested for the initiation.The structure of somatic embryos will be followed by light microscopy.For maintenance of embryogenic tissues solid or liquid media will be used as well as for their long-term cultivation the method of cryopreservation will be tested. The maturation of somatic embryos is a very important step resulting in the whole plant (somatic seedlings) regeneration. The project focuses also on the optimization of maturation process and plantlet regeneration. An important part of the project is the study of embryogenic tissues and comparison to nonembryogenic callus culture by analysis using proteomic methods to get deeper insight to the process of somatic embryogenesis.
Partner countries:Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom
NNEXT - Non-native tree species for european forests - experiences, risks and opportunities
Duration:3. 6. 2014 - 13. 5. 2018
Evidence number:COST FP1403
Program:COST
Project leader:RNDr. Kormuťák Andrej, DrSc.
Annotation:The management of tree species non-native to European geographical regions has a long tradition within forestry management practice. Their introduction to Europe (initially focussed on growing tree species) dates back to the 18th century when enormous demands were being made on natural resources to sustain the on-going industrialization of Europe. Today issues of biomass production and C sequestration as well as the question of whether these species could increase the adaptive capacity of forests to long-term climate change patterns have fuelled a growing interest in non-native tree species in Europe. In order to determine their fullest potential (and associated management options, but also assess associated risks and challenges) the need for a communication platform allowing for discussion with stakeholder groups from within anf beyond European borders, is argued.
Partner countries:Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
Looking for suitable genetic markers for species recognison in Russula subgenus Polychromidia
Duration:1. 1. 2016 - 31. 12. 2017
Evidence number:15-63/16
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:Mgr. Adamčík Slavomír, PhD.
Partner countries:Czech Republic
Response of Norway spruce somatic embryos to abiotic stresses
Duration:1. 1. 2015 - 31. 12. 2017
Evidence number:SAV-AV ČR 15-06
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:doc. Ing. Moravčíková Jana, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Ing. Boszorádová Eva, PhD., RNDr. Gregorová Zuzana, PhD., Ing. Jopčík Martin, PhD., Ing. Libantová Jana, CSc., doc. Ing. Moravčíková Jana, PhD.
Annotation:The aim of the project is to evaluate the response of Norway spruce somatic embryos to abiotic stresses. Somatic embryos will be exposed to different desiccation treatments (high temperature and decreased humidity) and to different doses of UV-B radiation. The alterations of activities of polyamine biosynthetic enzymes and contents of polyamines, abscisic acid (a key endogenous messenger in a plant\'s response to stresses) and the extent of lipid peroxidation will be evaluated in somatic embryos cultured in stress conditions. The histochemical tests for the presence of polyphenolic substances after the exposure of embryos to UV-B radiationwill complete the biochemical analyses.The collaboration with the Slovak group will complement the research with studies of the family of chitinases at molecular level that will enable to study contemporarily the isoforms important for embryo development as well as dynamics of ongoing stress. The use of somatic embryos will facilitate detailed studies of early physiological responses to various kinds of environmental stresses.
Partner countries:Czech Republic
Remarkable elements of lichenbiota of important biotopes of Slovakia and the Czech Republic (SAV-AV ČR 16-07
Duration:1. 1. 2016 - 31. 12. 2017
Evidence number:SAV-AV ČR 16-07
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:Mgr. Košuthová Alica, PhD.
Partner countries:Czech Republic
Clonal Plant Response to Disturbance in the Tatras
Duration:1. 1. 2016 - 1. 12. 2017
Evidence number:UNCO 2016
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:RNDr. Šibík Jozef, PhD.
Partner countries:United States
PlantDNAtoleranc - Plant adaptation to heavy metal and radioactive pollution
Duration:1. 1. 2014 - 31. 10. 2017
Evidence number:612587
Program:APVV
Project leader:Mgr. Hajduch Martin, DrSc.
SAS cosolvers:Mgr. Gábrišová Daša, PhD., Mgr. Klubicová Katarína, PhD., Ing. Lancíková Veronika, PhD., Ing. Škultéty Ľudovít, DrSc.
Annotation:Anthropogenic activities continue to impact the environment causing soil and ground water contamination in many regions and the effects are often persistent especially where heavy metals and radioactive substances have been released. Ecological problems can be particularly severe in the case of atomic power facilities and recent occurrences (Japan) indicate that the Chernobyl incident in 1986 was by no means unique. Moreover, such accidents hold a rofound “dread” factor for the general population. Environmental pollution can be equally profound and even more persistent in the case of mining waste which contaminates large areas of Europe with diverse heavy metals. Plants adapt to chronic radiation and heavymetal contamination as demonstrated by re-colonization of polluted areas. This project aims to understand the basic principles of protective mechanisms and how such pollution affects the stability of the genome. We propose to establish a research network to evaluate and exploit unique resources in the Chernobyl zone and in mining sites (Wales, UK) as “openarea” laboratories for studying how changes of DNA are coordinated with internal cellular networks during plant response to these pollutants. We use a combination of genetic, cell biological, molecular and evolutionary strategies. Part of the project is devoted to crop plants and their ability to grow in contaminated sites with the idea to increase productivity and safety. For the first time, eight research teams with complementary experience in radiation and other plant stresses will cooperate for solving the common for Europe problem of survival in contaminated nature. This will provide the insights on an increasingly detailed knowledge of the regulatory mechanisms for plant stress tolerance and gives an opportunity to see how the problems of Chernobyl and other contaminated places could be solved by scientists and what could be done in order to secure human life against environmental pollution.
Partner countries:Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Russia, Ukraine, United Kingdom
Ako sú symbiotické asociácie viazané na Mediteránny typ biotopov v Panónii a Západných Karpatoch ekologicky plastické?: prípadová štúdia o Solenopsora candicans
Duration:25. 6. 2017 - 4. 7. 2017
Evidence number:Synthesys HU-TAF-6340
Program:Iné
Project leader:Mgr. Fačkovcová Zuzana, PhD.
Annotation:The project is focused on symbiotic interactions between lichenized fungi and algae. The main aim was to find out, whether such interactions play any role in shaping the distributional range of a model lichen Solenopsora candicans with Mediterranean distribution and whether photobiont diversity matches the so far recognized genetic diversity of the mycobiont across its distributional range.
Partner countries:Hungary
EU-BON - EU-BON - Building the European Biodiversity Observation Network
Duration:1. 12. 2012 - 31. 5. 2017
Evidence number:308454
Program:7RP
Project leader:prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol, DrSc.
Other cosolvers:29 partnerských inštitúcií
Annotation:EU BON presents an innovative approach towards integration of biodiversity information systems from on-ground to remote sensing data, for addressing policy and information needs in a timely and customized manner.The aim of the project is toprovide integration between social networks of science and policy and technological networks of interoperating IT infrastructures, resulting in a new open-access platform for sharing biodiversity data and tools, and greatly advance biodiversity knowledge in Europe. EU BON’s 30 partners from 18 countries are members of networks of biodiversity data-holders, monitoring organisations, and leading scientific institutions. EU BON is building on existing components, in particular GBIF, LifeWatch infrastructures, and national biodiversity data centres. Reliable and readily accessible biodiversity data is essential for managing biological resources sustainably and for informed decision making processes. While state-of-the-art remote sensing techniques are now able to provide highly detailed information on the biosphere, access to this information and other relevant biological data, e.g. from in situ biodiversity monitoring, remains fragmented across countries and regions, and across different disciplines and sectors. The project is creating an EU-wide network that will help to collect, analyse and provide biodiversity data in a truly integrated way. It aims to deliver a European contribution to the global Group on Earth Observations Biodiversity Observation Network (GEO BON). Researchers and other stakeholders will be able to better retrieve relevant datasets, identify research gaps and set priorities based on real-time, on-ground and earth biodiversity observations by integrating national and regional information infrastructures. EU BON has established itself as an entity that addresses EU policy needs through the linkage to key projects, initiatives and policy processes (IPBES, CBD) and by signing of a Memorandum of Understanding with 25 (+x) associated partners. Reports, strategies and several high-level policy documents have also been produced. The project has furthermore compiled an inventory of biodiversity projects, including information technology systems and science policies for on-ground observations and remote sensing information systems. It also aims to develop a comprehensive European Biodiversity Portal – a blueprint for managing biodiversity information management in Europe. EU BON work gives local, national and global stakeholders and policymakers access to reliable and highly integrated biodiversity data. This is essential for truly adaptive environmental management and effective policy inputs and for directing European biodiversity research towards priority areas.
Partner countries:Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Philippines, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
European Information System for Alien Species - COST
Duration:2. 5. 2013 - 1. 5. 2017
Evidence number:COST TD 1209
Program:COST
Project leader:Mgr. Podroužková Medvecká Jana, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:RNDr. Jarolímek Ivan, CSc., RNDr. Májeková Jana, PhD., Mgr. Šibíková Mária, PhD., Ing. Zach Peter, CSc., RNDr. Zaliberová Mária, CSc.
Annotation:Invasive Alien Species (IAS) threaten biodiversity, society, human-health, well-being and the economy. The economic impact to Europe is estimated EUR 12.5 to 20 billion (annually). Europe has committed to tackling IAS through Target 5 of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 which is in line with target 9, COP 10 Decision X/2; an information system is a prerequisite to meet strategy through effective early warning and rapid response for prevention and control of IAS. Initiatives to collate information on IAS have resulted in the development of many databases differing in their geographic, taxonomic and ecological coverage. There are a number of constraints that might limit the effective use of existing databases: data obsolescence, lack of interoperability and uncertainties for long-term sustainability of the various tools. This COST Action facilitates enhanced knowledge gathering and sharing through a network of experts, providing support to a European IAS information system which enables effective and informed decision-making in relation to IAS. An overarching priority is to identify the needs and formats for alien species (AS) information by different user groups and specifically for implementation of EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy. Correspondingly early warning tools and rapid response protocols are being developed.
Partner countries:Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
Project website:http://www.cost.eu/domains_actions/fa/Actions/TD1209
Pathogen-informed strategies for sustainable broad-spectrum crop resistance
Duration:15. 4. 2013 - 15. 4. 2017
Evidence number:COST FA1208
Program:COST
Project leader:Ing. Libantová Jana, CSc.
SAS cosolvers:Fábelová Anna, Mgr. Matušíková Ildikó, PhD., doc. Ing. Moravčíková Jana, PhD.
Partner countries:Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom
COST STREAM - Strigolactones: biological roles and applications
Duration:12. 4. 2013 - 11. 4. 2017
Evidence number:COST FA1206
Program:COST
Project leader:RNDr. Matúšová Radoslava, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:RNDr. Gajdošová Alena, CSc., Ing. Jopčík Martin, PhD., Ing. Libiaková (Kullačová) Dagmara
Annotation:Strigolactones (SLs) are newly discovered phytohormones that contribute to define plant morphology, also in response to environmental conditions, and to the dialogue with organisms in the rhizosphere. As a consequence, SLs have become a cutting-edge topic in plant biology and agronomy, having a great potential in modern agriculture. However, little is known about how they act, their biosynthesis and signaling pathways. Because of their both endogenous and exogenous role as signaling molecules, SLs are well placed to mediate both adaptive changes in the plant architecture and beneficial rhizosphere interactions. Even though SLs are a prime interest for many laboratories across disciplines, there are no official networks neither in Europe nor in the rest of the world on this subject. An outcome of an EU network on this subject would be sustaining and promoting the EU leadership in SLs-related sciences, the coordination of SLs research activities and a transfer of knowledge which may lead to the development of targeted and sustainable agro-technologies. The aim of this proposal is the creation of such multidisciplinary network of experts, of both basic and applied sciences, who can share expertise through the flexibility of the COST framework.
Partner countries:Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
Genetic and ecological differentiation within Tephroseris longifolia agg.
Duration:20. 2. 2017 - 4. 3. 2017
Evidence number:SYNTHESYS DE-TAF-6507
Program:Iné
Project leader:RNDr. Skokanová Katarína, PhD.
Annotation:Central European Tephroseris longifolia agg. (Asteraceae) has been chosen as a model system to study evolution and factors determining range size of its widespread and rare subspecies which include T. l. subsp. moravica - the taxon of European importance. Our approach cover ecological niche modelling, population genetic estimates and analyses of fitness and spreading potential. The goal of the project is an expert revision of herbarium specimens deposited in Herbarium Senckenbergianum (FR). Subsequently, data on distribution of the particular members of the aggregate will gathered, and genomic DNA will be extracted from selected specimens of the aggregate and also from specimens represented closely related taxa (some of them are rare and protected).
How do non-native tree species influences the biodiversity and the level of invasion of undergrowth?
Duration:1. 9. 2016 - 28. 2. 2017
Evidence number:51602041
Program:International Visegrad Found (IVF)
Project leader:Mgr. Botková Katarína
Partner countries:Czech Republic
Green Infrastructure approach: linking environmental with social aspects in studying and managing urban forests
Duration:1. 2. 2013 - 28. 2. 2017
Evidence number:COST FP1204
Program:COST
Project leader:Mgr. Hajduch Martin, DrSc.
SAS cosolvers:Mgr. Klubicová Katarína, PhD., RNDr. Kormuťák Andrej, DrSc., RNDr. Salaj Terézia, DrSc.
Annotation:Green Infrastructure (GI) has recently gained prominence as a planning tool at regional and local levels. GI provides a range of ecosystem services, and new initiatives can build on state-of-the-art research and on delivery mechanisms such as urban forestry (UF). However, greater attention is needed on integrating the environmental and social benefits produced, particularly in the context of climate change adaptation and mitigation. The COST Action aims to: 1) increase the understanding of the role of UF in the context of GI from a scientific and a socio-economic perspective, in terms of the ecosystem services provided to people and to the urban environment; 2) to identify priorities and challenges for future research in the field; 3) to provide indicators and/or thresholds to be included by policy makers in local, national or international regulations about GI and UF; 4) to develop guidelines for GI planners and managers on how to implement GI approaches with an emphasis on linking the environmental and social services of UF.
Partner countries:Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland
Classification of mesic grasslands of Eastern Carpathian Mountains
Duration:31. 7. 2014 - 31. 12. 2016
Evidence number:15
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:Mgr. Janišová Monika, PhD.
Annotation:The project is focused on the study of variability of semi-natural grassland vegetation in the Eastern Carpathians in Ukraine and Slovakia. In the Slovak part of the area phytosociological research has a long tradition using the methods of Zurich-Montpellier school. From the area of Ukrainian Carpathians only sparse phytosociological material have been sampled by a dominance approach. The main aim of the planned detailed phytosociological research is to collect a large phytosociological data set to unify the national classifications of semi-natural grassland vegetation and to provide an overview of these communities in the involved countries. The next aim besides identification of grassland types is evaluation of species diversity, analysis of the main ecological gradients in species composition and estimation of the effect of environmental factors on grassland species composition. Collecting of data from the Ukrainian Carpathians and completing the phytosociological databases will also enable further large-scale comparative studies and supranational classification of grassland vegetation in the whole Carpathians.
Partner countries:Ukraine
Clonal propagation of selected cultivars of Rubus and Prunus spp. under in vitro conditions
Duration:1. 1. 2015 - 31. 12. 2016
Evidence number:SK-SRB-2013-0020
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:RNDr. Gajdošová Alena, CSc.
SAS cosolvers:Ing. Hricová Andrea, PhD., Mgr. Hunková Júlia, PhD., RNDr. Libiaková Gabriela, CSc., RNDr. Matúšová Radoslava, PhD.
Annotation:Raspberries and blackberries belong among the valuable fruit species with positive impact onhuman health. Although, there are proper conditions for cultivation of these species in Slovakia,their production is insufficient. By contraries, cultivation of raspberries and blackberries has along tradition in Serbia and raspberries belong among important export goods. Plums representthe fruit species which were grown broadly in Slovakia in the past. In Serbia, plums are the mostcultivated fruit tree species. Although Serbia is one of the largest word producers of plums, theplum production is characterized by both low and unstable yields at present. One of the mainproblems for Serbian as well as European plum production is Plum pox virus responsible forSharka, considered as most serious viral disease worldwide affecting crop production of Prunusstone fruits. Therefore, production of healthy planting material and genetic improvement ofPrunus spp. is of high importance. Use of tissue cultures provides possibilities for effectiveproduction of high quality healthy planting material and for targeted fruit tree breeding by application of genetic engineering. The aim of this project is development of procedures ofefficient adventitious regeneration and micropropagation of selected Rubus and Prunus cultivarsusable in large-scale propagation of planting material and genetic transformation.
Partner countries:Serbia
Current situation of invasive plant species in the border area of Ukraine and Slovakia and trends in their spreading
Duration:1. 1. 2014 - 31. 12. 2016
Evidence number:16
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:RNDr. Májeková Jana, PhD.
Annotation:The project aims to clarify the current situation of phyto-invasions in the border area of Ukraine (Transcarpathian Lowland) and Slovakia (Východoslovenská nížina Lowland), identifying trends in spreading of invasive plant species and evaluation of regional threats to phytodiversity. We carry out expeditions, revise and collect herbarium collections, and analyse invasive species composition of studied region, together with their spatial distribution and phytocoenotical affinity, invasive potential and trends in their further spread. The Aim of the project is to evaluate current state and to identify both common features and regional specifics of phytoinvasions in the border area of Ukraine and Slovakia.
Partner countries:Ukraine
Investigate the machanism of male sterility regulated by DEFECTIVE IN ANTHER DEHISCENCE1 (DAD1) – Activating Factor (DAF), a RING-finger E3 ligase gene and its agricultural application
Duration:1. 1. 2014 - 31. 12. 2016
Evidence number:SAS-NSC JRP 2013/16
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:Mgr. Hajduch Martin, DrSc.
SAS cosolvers:Mgr. Gábrišová Daša, PhD., Ing. Jopčík Martin , PhD., Mgr. Klubicová Katarína, PhD., Ing. Libantová Jana, CSc., Mgr. Perniš Miroslav, PhD.
Annotation:Transduction pathway regulated by DEFECTIVE IN ANTHER DEHISCENCE1 (DAD1)- Activating Factor (DAF) is not well understood. Complementary postgenomic approaches, microarray (Dr. Yang) and proteomic (Dr. Hajduch), and the 35S::DAF RNAi or antisense Arabidopsis mutant plants will be used to investigate the target genes and proteins for DAF. Additionally, the investigation of phosphorylation status of target proteins for DAF will determine the role of protein phosphorylation in the regulation of DAF. Identified target genes and proteins will be cloned, characterized and functional analyzed through transgenic approach. This project might results into suitable targets for genetic transformation in order to control male sterility in valuable agricultural plants such as Eustoma.
Partner countries:Taiwan
Taxonomic revisions in Placynthiaceae
Duration:25. 9. 2016 - 30. 9. 2016
Evidence number:Synthesys, AT-TAF-4805
Program:Iné
Project leader:Mgr. Košuthová Alica, PhD.
Utilisation of RAD sequencing in plant systematics and evolution. A case study of the genus Soldanella.
Duration:1. 9. 2015 - 31. 8. 2016
Evidence number:2015-05-15-001, SAIA, akcia Rakúsko-Slovensko
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:Mgr. Slovák Marek, PhD.
Annotation:Crucial research objective of the project is adoption and subsequent implementation of one of the most modern and sophisticated molecular techniques, currently used in molecular evolution, systematic and ecology research of living organism. From methodological point of view this method is based on next generation sequencing and is known as Restriction Side Associated equencing (RADseq). Model system of our research interest includes morphologically similar and taxonomically complex group of taxa from the genus Soldanella (Primulaceae). Thus, along with implementation of new method, the important outputs of the project wiil be to investigate evolution, phylogeography and taxonomy of closely allied taxa from the genus Soldanella from European mountain ranges. Project will thus also contribute to deeper understanding of microevolutionary processes in morphologically closely related and rather recently diversified complexes of vascular plant taxa.
Partner countries:Austria
Establishment of European Red List of Habitats
Duration:1. 1. 2014 - 1. 6. 2016
Evidence number:
Program:Multilaterálne - iné
Project leader:RNDr. Valachovič Milan, DrSc.
Other cosolvers:European Commission, IUCN, EAA, INBO a desiatky národných inštitúcii v každej zo zúčastnených krajín Európy.
Annotation:The objective of this project is the production of an assessment of the status of all natural and semi-natural habitat types according to the criteria recommended in the feasibility study on European (as defined below) and EU28-level (28 Member States) level. In addition a certain amount of information (needed for the red list assessment and for policy purposes) is collected for each habitat type and documented in the form of fact-sheets. The Red List shall be based on the EUNIS habitats classification and will assess approximately 700 habitat types according to the suggested levels. Our tasks are to 1) provide an overview on the status of habitat types in Europe 2) help to assess the need for a potential revision of Annex I of the Habitats Directive; 3) contribute to the work on the Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services (MAES5) as well as the restoration agenda under Target 2 of the EU Biodiversity Strategy; 4) provide background for proposals/initiatives targeted at coordinated European conservation action (e.g. future action or conservation plans); 5) improve the general understanding among policy makers, the interested parties and general public for the need of European conservation action.
Partner countries:Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Netherlands, United Kingdom
Project website:žiadna
STReESS - Studying tree responses to extreme events: a synthesis
Duration:26. 2. 2012 - 22. 4. 2016
Evidence number:FP1106
Program:COST
Project leader:RNDr. Kormuťák Andrej, DrSc.
Partner countries:Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
Diversity of Carpathian Grassland Vegetation
Duration:1. 1. 2013 - 31. 12. 2015
Evidence number:11
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:Mgr. Janišová Monika, PhD.
Partner countries:Poland, Ukraine
Global Plant Initiative - Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
Duration:1. 1. 2009 - 31. 12. 2015
Evidence number:bez evidenčného čísla
Program:Iné
Project leader:prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol, DrSc.
Annotation:Herbarium collection of František Nábělek’s Iter Turcico-Persicum currently comprises 4,163 collection numbers, altogether 6,465 specimens. It is deposited at the Institute of Botany of the SAS (acronym SAV). Whole Nábělek’s Iter Turcico-Persicum collection was recently digitized with the support of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. The process of digitization was performed in compliance with JSTOR Plants Handbook. All specimens had been barcoded with a unique barcode within the institution before the scanning of the herbarium sheets. The barcode consists of letters \'SAV\' followed by 7 digits. The Epson Expression Model 10000XL scanner was used for scanning, which was placed on a custom metal frame manufactured by HerbScan Engineering (London, U.K.). A scanned image is required to have, besides barcode, a scale with the herbarium abbreviation and standardised colour chart placed visibly in the area of the sheet. Each specimen was digitized according to the following specifications: resolution: 600 pixels per inch (ppi); colour space: Adobe RGB (1998); colour depth: 24-bit; file format: uncompressed TIFF files; layout: portrait. Data about specimens were stored into the DATAflos database via internal software developed to administrate this database. The stored data include specimen name, barcode, type status, collectors, collection number, locality description, locality altitude, and name revision history. Digitized images are available via JSTOR Global Plants and Biological Collection Access Service. Nevertheless, in order to enhance the use of the digitized collection, we created also special portal that not only presents the specimens, but also digitised papers by Nábělek, and last, but not least, enables annotations of specimens (the portal is available at www.nabelek.sav.sk). Local and regional floras benefitted from Nábělek’s collections, because at the time of his expedition there were no up-to-date accounts of the flora of the regions he visited; Boissier’s Flora Orientalis was already becoming out of date, having been published some 35 years earlier, and there were no more recent floras of Turkey, Palestine, Iraq or Iran. Moreover, the large number of new species that he had discovered, especially from the border areas of Iraq, Iran and Turkey, meant that his catalogue remained of major importance to workers in the region for the next fifty or so years.
Partner countries:Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Egypt, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Russia, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States
Cryopreservation of embryogenic cultures of valuable clones of coniferous species
Duration:1. 1. 2013 - 31. 12. 2015
Evidence number:15/2013
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:RNDr. Salaj Terézia, DrSc.
SAS cosolvers:RNDr. Kormuťák Andrej, DrSc., RNDr. Matúšová Radoslava, PhD., doc. RNDr. Salaj Ján, DrSc.
Annotation:Somatic embryogenesis is a process of embryo formation - somatic embryos - in artificial conditions in test tubes (in vitro). The process represents a very efficient method of vegetative plant propagation, especially in conifers. The cultivation of somatic embryos is time consuming, laborious and holds the risk of microbial contamination. Recently a new approach has been developed for long-term storage of in vitro cultures - cryopreservation – storage of plant genetic resources in liquid nitrogen (-196 °C) without loss of cell/tissue viability. The aim of the submitted project is to optimise the existing cryopreservation protocols for valuable conifer species.
Partner countries:Poland
STRIGAL - Study of the effect of the compounds present in algae on germination of Orobanche and Striga spp.
Duration:1. 1. 2015 - 31. 12. 2015
Evidence number:SK-CZ-2013-0121
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:RNDr. Matúšová Radoslava, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Ing. Libiaková (Kullačová) Dagmara
Annotation:There is a risk of invasive spread of parasitic plants of the genus Phelipanche/Orobanche due towarmer favourable climatic conditions for these species in Slovakia and surrounding countries. Sofar there are some challenging inductors of seed germination, but there are not specified other effective resources. This project should contribute to finding of readily available and easily applicable microalgae to stimulate or inhibit germination of seeds of parasitic plants.
Partner countries:Czech Republic
Studying the role of transposable elements as molecular biomarkers of ecological adaptation and diversity of wild-growing representatives of the family Brassicaceae in Central and Eastern Europe
Duration:1. 1. 2015 - 31. 12. 2015
Evidence number:
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol, DrSc.
Partner countries:Bulgaria
Selected case studies from taxonomy and biogeography of the Carpathian flora and funga (Poland and Slovakia)
Duration:1. 1. 2013 - 31. 12. 2015
Evidence number:22
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:Mgr. Hindáková Alica, PhD.
Partner countries:Poland
Investigation of plant cover biodiverzity and scientific principles of its protection in the Slovak Republic and Ukraine
Duration:1. 1. 2006 - 31. 12. 2015
Evidence number:
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:RNDr. Hodálová Iva, CSc.
Partner countries:Ukraine
Molecular phylogeny of the European members of Cladonia section Coccifereae
Duration:1. 9. 2014 - 30. 6. 2015
Evidence number:51401150
Program:International Visegrad Found (IVF)
Project leader:Mgr. Košuthová Alica, PhD.
Annotation:The research was performed by Mgr. Jana Steinová, Ph.D. student of Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic. The main aim of the project was to study the diversity of mycobionts and photobionts associated in Cladonia lichens in a central European and global context. The project was divided into the three sub-projects: 1) distribution and ecological preferences of the Cladonia coccifera group in the Czech Republic. We studied the distribution of seven species of the C. coccifera complex (C. borealis, C. carneola, C. coccifera, C. deformis, C. diversa, C. pleurota and C. straminea) and discussed their morphology, chemistry and ecological preferences. 2) Study on photobionts in zeorin-containing Cladonias. Diversity of photobionts in zeorin-containing Cladonias was studied using a molecular approach as well as mycobiont diversity in two sorediate (Cladonia deformis and C. pleurota) and two esorediate species (Cladonia coccifera and C. diversa). Sorediate species were found to be significantly more selective towards their photobiont partner than the esorediate species. This suggests a possible coevolution between mycobiont and photobiont in sorediate species. 3) Diversity of genus Asterochloris. Cladonia species associate with algae belonging to genus Asterochloris. We participated in research on the diversity of this ubiquitous photobiont. Six new species (A. echinata, A. friedlii, A. gaertneri, A. leprarii, A. lobophora, and A. woessiae) were described and characterised, and presence of isogamous sexual reproduction in Asterochloris was demonstrated, disputing the current symbiotic dogma of the loss of sexual reproduction in algal symbionts.
Partner countries:Czech Republic
Systematic position and delimitation of European members in Russula subsect. Urentes and R. subsect. Rubrinae
Duration:1. 2. 2015 - 30. 6. 2015
Evidence number:51400484
Program:International Visegrad Found (IVF)
Project leader:Mgr. Caboň Miroslav, PhD.
Annotation:Objective of the research was phylogenetic and systematic study of Russula subsect. Urentes and subsect. Rubrinae. The core and basic data for study were represented by measurements of precisely defined macro- and micro-morphological traits of selected specimens and generated sequences of ITS nrDNA, mtSSU and RPB2 regions. Results of morphological and molecular studies were evaluated and allowed recognising the most reliable characters for distinguishing genetically defined species and consequently to assign them the right name based on type studies.
Partner countries:Czech Republic
Geographical niche shifts in lichen species: exploring the effects of infraspecific genetic variation
Duration:1. 1. 2014 - 30. 6. 2015
Evidence number:Action 2013-10-15-0005
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:Mgr. Košuthová Alica, PhD.
Annotation:Our study focused on the genetic structure of European and North American populations of red-listed lichenicolous fungi Cladonia botrytes and Buellia chloroleuca. The aims of the study were: 1) to discover whether “substrate drift” or geographic niche variation in lichens is real or undermined by so-called cryptic speciation; 2) to find out mechanisms involved in “enforcing” substrate fidelity in case cryptic speciation is not involved. We analysed data from the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region to study genetic variability in relation to substrate switches. Preliminary results showed that coding regions of the sequences of Cladonia botrytes from both, wood, humus and soil substrate are identical, non-coding parts feature variability in c. six positions, but a clear link to habitat preferences is not confirmed. However, there is clear evidence of an additional secondary metabolite which is produced by the mycobiont in clear-cut habitats. In the case of Buellia chloroleuca there is a clear pattern linked to geographical range.
Partner countries:Austria, Czech Republic
PlantEngine - Plant Metabolic Engineering for High Value Products
Duration:1. 7. 2011 - 30. 4. 2015
Evidence number:FA1006
Program:COST
Project leader:doc. Ing. Moravčíková Jana, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Ing. Ďurechová Dominika, PhD., Ing. Libantová Jana, CSc., Mgr. Matušíková Ildikó, PhD., Ing. Michalko Jaroslav, PhD., Ing. Polóniová Zuzana, PhD.
Annotation:Sundew contains a variety of secondary metabolites such as plumbagins and juglones that are valuable compounds used in medicine. Our results obtained so far clearly confirmed the antifungal potential of extracts from this plants, while certain proteins in these extracts (glucanases and chitinases), generally involved in plant pathogenesis, are intensively being studied in frames of different ongoing projects. Sundews are plants endangered due to their collection for extracting valuable drug; moreover the synthesis of active compounds is very difficult and expensive. In this respect the establishment of protocols for genetic transformation of sundew is an actual issue. It is a prerequisite for introducing desirable modifications in the relevant metabolic pathways and/or for potential use of sundew in biotechnological programmes
Partner countries:Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Netherlands, Switzerland, United Kingdom
Project website:http://www.plantengine.eu/
Inventarizácia lichenizovanýchhúb významných biotopov v Českej republike a na Slovensku
Duration:1. 1. 2012 - 31. 12. 2014
Evidence number:
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:Mgr. Bérešová Anna, PhD.
Partner countries:Czech Republic
Perspectives in lichenological research - biodiversity, lichen chemistry
Duration:1. 1. 2010 - 31. 12. 2014
Evidence number:OTKA 81232
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:Mgr. Bérešová Anna, PhD.
Partner countries:Hungary, Poland
Taxonomic revision of the Silene otites group (Caryophyllaceae) in the Carpathian basin
Duration:5. 5. 2014 - 16. 5. 2014
Evidence number:HU-TAF-3878
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:RNDr. Mereďa Pavol, PhD.
Annotation:Members of the Silene otites group are characterized by small morphological differences and large phenotypic plasticity, which may lead to taxonomical misclassification of some individuals or whole populations. Despite the fact that species of this group play a dominant role in a number of plant communities and all of these taxa are considered endangered, their morphological variation, distribution and ecological preferences are still only poorly known. It fully applies also to representatives of the group occurring in the Carpathian Basin. Our revision of the group in Central Europe (Czech Republic, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary) revealed the presence of three species of this complex (S. borysthenica, S. donetzica and S. otites s. str.) in this territory, out of which, S. donetzica is new to Hungary.
Biosafety of forest transgenic trees: improving the scientific basis for safe tree development and implementation of EU policy directives
Duration:14. 4. 2010 - 9. 4. 2014
Evidence number:FP 0905
Program:COST
Project leader:RNDr. Salaj Terézia, DrSc.
SAS cosolvers:Mgr. Matušíková Ildikó, PhD., doc. Ing. Moravčíková Jana, PhD., doc. RNDr. Salaj Ján, DrSc., RNDr. Vooková Božena, CSc.
Annotation:The process of somatic embryogenesis is an efficient plant regeneration system and is considered to be an excellent micropropagation method for conifer trees species. The method allows production of large number of "emblings" (somatic seedlings) in relatively short period of time. The process of somatic embryogenesis is an in vitro system, so genetic manipulations as well as long-term maintenance by cryopreservation are possible. At the IPGB somatic embryogenesis in hybrid Abies (Abies alba x Abies cephalonica, Abies alba x A. numidica) as well as Pinus nigra was repeatedly initiated.The aim of the project is (in the frame of COST FP 0905) genetic transformation of embryogenic tissues by Agrobacterium tumefaciens as well as biolistic methods.
Partner countries:Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Israel, Lithuania, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom
OpenUp! - Opening up the Natural History Heritage for Europeana (OpenUp!)
Duration:1. 3. 2011 - 28. 2. 2014
Evidence number:270890
Program:CIP-ICT
Project leader:prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol, DrSc.
Annotation:European portal EUROPEANA (http://www.europeana.eu/portal/) provides the possibility to explore digital sources of European museums, libraries, archives and audio-visual collections. Natural history objects (herbarium specimens, prepared animal objects, sound records, geological collections) were until recently underrepresented among digitalised objects available at EUROPEANA. The project aimed to increase representation of such objects. Institute of Botany SAS made available via EUROPEANA metadata and high-quality images of 6,465 herbarium specimens from the collection of František Nábělek Iter Turcico-Persicum, collected during 1909-1910 in the area of the current Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Bahrein, Iran and Turkey. Metadata and images were made available also via specialised portal Global Biodiversity Information Facility (http://www.gbif.org). Institute of Botany SAS, as part of the OpenUp! project, coordinated also botanical contributions by other partner institutions. We checked quality of metadata and images of herbarium specimens using specialised software. For checking the correctness of mapping of database fields into ABCD 2.06 schema, internal tool (Biocase Monitoring Tool) was employed, while the metadata quality were checked using Data Quality Toolkit, developed by the project partners.
Partner countries:Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, United Kingdom
Physiological and structural responses to heavy metal (Ni, Cd, Zn, Cu and Pb) action in representatives of crop (Pisum, Zea) and wild (Arabidopsis) species
Duration:1. 1. 2011 - 31. 12. 2013
Evidence number:17
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:RNDr. Čiamporová Milada, CSc.
SAS cosolvers:Mgr. Ďurišová Eva, Mgr. Fiala Roderik, PhD., Mgr. Nadubinská Miriam, PhD., RNDr. Pavlovkin Ján, CSc.
Annotation:The broad spectrum of metal effects on various aspects of life has been known. Some of them may be essential constituents of biomolecules and participate in many important biological processes in all living organisms including plants. Heavy metals occurring in the soils are either of geogenic or anthropogenic origin (industrial activities, e.g. mining, ore-processing and smelting and agricultural procedures e.g. application of fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides). Although some of the metals are utilized as micronutrients by the plants, their higher concentrations are generally toxic. This may reduce yields of crop plants. The wild growing vegetation is also seriously affected. However, during the evolution, a number of plants have developed tolerance enabling them to colonize metal-enriched soils. Comparison of some structural and physiological responses of plants differing in their tolerance will contribute to understanding the tolerance mechanisms important for a successful survival of heavy metal stress in crop as well as wild plants.
Partner countries:Ukraine
OvocieInvitro - Assessment of genetic fidelity of in vitro propagated small fruits (Rubus and Vaccinium spp.)
Duration:1. 1. 2012 - 31. 12. 2013
Evidence number:SK-SRB-0033-11
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:RNDr. Gajdošová Alena, CSc.
SAS cosolvers:Mgr. Klubicová Katarína, PhD., RNDr. Libiaková Gabriela, CSc., RNDr. Matúšová Radoslava, PhD.
Annotation:Interest about small fruits has an increasing tendency because of their high nutritional value. The sufficient fruit production can be achieved by cultivation of productive cultivars. For this a big amount of planting material is needed, propagation of which can be reached by use of in vitro cultures. In plant micropropagation, the production of plants identical with mother genotype is desirable. The broad range of quantitative and qualitative variability among regenerated plants arising during in vitro cultivation and regeneration of plant tissue can be problem in plant micropropagation. Morphological, cytological, biochemical and molecular analyses are required to confirm clonal fidelity of vegetatively propagated plant material. Such analyses enable efficient and rapid testing of undesired genetic variability.Project is oriented on elaboration of system for in vitro regeneration and micropropagation of selected cultivars of Vaccinium a Rubus spp., micropropagation of which wasn‘t till now extensive in Slovakia and Serbia and on detection of undesirable genetic variability in micropropagated plants by DNA analysis, flow cytometry and light microscopy.
Partner countries:Serbia, Slovakia
Proteomic study of microsomes from high-salt stressed Arabidopsis thaliana
Duration:1. 1. 2012 - 31. 12. 2013
Evidence number:
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:Mgr. Hajduch Martin, DrSc.
SAS cosolvers:Mgr. Berčák Michal, Mgr. Fekecsová Soňa, Mgr. Gábrišová Daša, PhD., Mgr. Klubicová Katarína, PhD.
Annotation:By use of gel-free system, the proteome of high-salt stress treated Arabidopsis thaliana will be studied. In particular, the miscrosomes will be major focus.
Partner countries:Taiwan
Taxonomy and geography of taxa of the flora of Russia and Slovakia
Duration:1. 1. 2009 - 31. 12. 2013
Evidence number:
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol, DrSc.
Partner countries:Russia
Participating of the antioxidant plants systems in a physiological-biochemical response on a cadmium and nickel stress influence
Duration:1. 1. 2011 - 31. 12. 2013
Evidence number:
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:Mgr. Matušíková Ildikó, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Ing. Libantová Jana, CSc., Ing. Maglovski Marína, doc. Ing. Moravčíková Jana, PhD.
Annotation:Purpose of project is to define the role of low-molecular antioxidants (glutathione reduced form, ascorbic acid and others) in forming of the proper biochemical reactions in plants upon exposure to stress by both single and compatible action of cadmium and nickel compounds. Input of these compounds into the network of plant defence machinery (namely in regard to cell wall strengthening, metal deposition and activation of specific defence proteins) will be clarified.
Partner countries:Ukraine
The influence of the overexpression of cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase gene in transgenic poplar on the process of lignification
Duration:1. 1. 2011 - 31. 12. 2013
Evidence number:
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:Ing. Libantová Jana, CSc.
Annotation:The aim of this project is to create the platform for mutual cooperation in the field of plant transgenosis. Slovak partner will provide to Ukrainian counterpart the know-how in the field of the vector constructs, the established transformation protocols, and analyses of transformants. Ukrainian partner will provide to Slovak partner the experience obtained at poplar transformation. It is supposed that the mutual cooperation will lead to elaboration of joint scientific projects in the future.
Partner countries:Ukraine
Delimitation, transatlanticdistribution and phylogeneticrelationshipsof taxa withinthegenus Camarophyllopsis (Fungi, Agaricomycotina) in Europe and NorthAmerica
Duration:1. 10. 2013 - 30. 11. 2013
Evidence number:
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:Mgr. Adamčík Slavomír, PhD.
Partner countries:United States
Plant Reproducti - Harnessing plant reproduction for crop improvement
Duration:14. 10. 2009 - 31. 10. 2013
Evidence number:FA0903
Program:COST
Project leader:Prof., RNDr. Preťová Anna, DrSc.
SAS cosolvers:Abaffyová Lenka, PhD., Mgr. Klubicová Katarína, PhD., RNDr. Kormuťák Andrej, DrSc., Mgr. Obert Bohuš, PhD., Mgr. Uváčková Ľubica, PhD.
Annotation:The aim of the project is to better harness existing knowledge and research about sexual and asexual plant reproduction, as well as bring new understanding of that procedure. Among several reproductive system-related strategies for fixation of desirable agronomic traits, one of the best choices is apomixis (clonal seed production), which would enable the instantaneous fixation of heterosis in F1 hybrids. The overal goal of the project is to better understand the mechanisms of sexual and asexual (primarily apomictic) plant reproduction, and to faciliate the application of this increased knowledge in the development of new approaches for agriculture and food industry to reduce production costs.
Partner countries:Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
MycoRed - Novel integrated strategies for worldwide mycotoxin reduction in food and feed chains - MycoRed.
Duration:1. 9. 2009 - 30. 4. 2013
Evidence number:KBBE-2007-2-5-05
Program:7RP
Project leader:RNDr. Šrobárová Antónia, DrSc.
SAS cosolvers:Mgr. Mikušová Petra, PhD., RNDr. Pavlovkin Ján, CSc.
Annotation:Over the last 5-6 years significant advances, have been made in the development of genomic, proteomic, metabolomic and ecophysiological information on host plant and mycotoxigenic moulds.The aims of project are the combination of advanced technological solutions for improving specifications: cost reduction for novel analytical/molecular solutions at the laboratory level, allowing the massive use and thus, the improvement of monitoring of safety and quality; the application of very high-tech multidisciplinary solutions (i.e. ambient intelligence, web-inar, DNAarrays, biomarkers) to traditional activities (i.e. conferences, training courses) in Europe.We are members of group WP2 and WP6.
Partner countries:Austria, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Russia, Turkey, United Kingdom
Project website:www.mycored.com
Disentagling the taxonomy and evolutionary history in the Alyssum montanum group in western Europe and North Africa
Duration:14. 4. 2013 - 19. 4. 2013
Evidence number:ES-TAF-3099, ES-TAF-3213
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:Mgr. Zozomová Judita, PhD.
Annotation:The Alyssum montanum group is distributed throughout Europe and northern Africa. Multiple origin of polyploids, considerable morphological variation and presence of genetic lineages occupying distribution areas of different size from those restricted to few localities to those covering considerable parts of continent provide challenging task to anybody willing to disentangle complicated evolutionary patterns and taxonomy of this group. Recent studies of the team addressed variation patterns of this group in Central Europe, Balkan and Apennine Peninsulas the team was in a good position to interpret complex patterns of morphological, karyological and molecular variation, which was expected in a Mediterranean rich territory like the Iberian Peninsula. We gathered considerable amount of collected material from this area and we confronted it with the herbarium specimens deposited in herbarium MA and with the relevant literature, which is not always available via digital libraries. Alyssum is a difficult polymorphic genus in which numerous species or infraspecific taxa have been described from the Iberian Peninsula. A number of those names have been published in not easily accessible works. Members of our group focused on different aspects of the problem. Karol Marhold, concentrated on nomenclature matters in library and herbarium collections. Stanislav Španiel focused on the study of herbarium specimens. This included not only searching for detailed distribution patterns of different taxa, but also detailed study of individual specimens, particularly their trichome morphology, and other characters that would be used in the framed of morphometric analyses.
Partner countries:Spain
Molecular markers in the analysis of auxin distribution in oilseed androgenic embryos.
Duration:1. 1. 2010 - 31. 12. 2012
Evidence number:SAV-PAV 27
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:doc. Ing. Moravčíková Jana, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Ing. Libantová Jana, CSc., doc. RNDr. Salaj Ján, DrSc.
Annotation:Auxin signaling is a key to many plant growth and developmental processes from embryogenesis to senescence. An endogenous auxin led to the induction of embryo development in in vitro cultures, during somatic embryogenesis or androgenesis. Present investigation is aiming at elaboration of transformation procedure for androgenic rapeseed (Brassica napus) embryos obtained from microspore suspension culture. Transformed embryos could be used as objects for the analysis of auxin at the level of tissue, or cell. Transgenic structures with the reporter GUS or GFP genes under the control of hormone-sensitive DR5 promoter (auxin-sensitive DR5::GUS or DR5::GFP) are of especial importance. Application of such hormone-sensitive reporter constructs simplifies the analysis of hormone synthesis, transport, and accumulation in androgenic structures resembles embryos.
Partner countries:Poland
Impact of land-use changes on alpine region: intercontinental comparison (High Tatras – Europe, Rocky Mountains – USA
Duration:1. 1. 2012 - 31. 12. 2012
Evidence number:ROMO-11027
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:RNDr. Šibík Jozef, PhD.
Other cosolvers:Colorado State University
Annotation:The decline of species-rich semi-natural calcareous grasslands is a major conservation problem throughout Europe. Maintenance of traditional animal husbandry is often recommended as an important management strategy. However, results that underpin such management recommendations were derived predominantly from lowland studies and may not be easily applicable to high mountain areas. In temperate and Mediterranean Europe many seminatural types of grassland disappear due to cessation of traditional pasture systems. Thus, the maintenance or re-establishment of low-intensity grazing systems has become an important strategy of biological conservation throughout Europe. The main mechanism by which pasture abandonment affects vascular plant species diversity, at least during the first ca. 100 yr are believed not to be local-scale competitive exclusion processes within persisting communities. Instead, post-abandonment successional community displacements that cause a landscape scale homogenization of the vegetation cover seem to be primarily responsible for a decline of species diversity. Although the alpine flora of both, The Rocky Mountains (USA) and the Tatra Mountains (Western Carpathians, Slovakia) has many congeneric or conspecific species, the evolutionary history of the floras was different. Moreover, the grazing history is different, as well. Very little is known about the grazing history in the mountains of New World, but only a short history with non-extensive local-scale grazing is assumed. On the other hand, the grazing history in the Western Carpathians is well-documented and extensive grazing is known to take place since the Wallachian colonization in the 15th-17th century. The evolutionary history of grazing in alpine communities is not well understood but may have had only a minor role in structuring these systems. On the other hand, it was observed, that grazing can rapidly change species composition and morphology of communities. Thus, worked on determination of the differences between grazed and non-grazed alpine meadows in both regions to test the null hypothesis that the species composition, morphology (structure) and ecology of alpine meadows is not determined by the evolutionary history of grazing.
Partner countries:United States
Syngenta - Systematic MSE-based quantification of allergenic and celiac disease proteins in wheat grain
Duration:20. 12. 2010 - 20. 12. 2012
Evidence number:
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:Mgr. Hajduch Martin, DrSc.
SAS cosolvers:Ing. Škultéty Ľudovít, DrSc., Mgr. Uváčková Ľubica, PhD.
Annotation:Recent developments in the field of mass spectrometry have established MS-based quantification as a reliable technique for identifying specific proteins and their concentrations in complex matrices. When compared with classical quantitative proteomics approaches based on two-dimensional protein electrophoresis (2-DE), MS-based quantification provides three primary benefits. First, many proteins that cannot be detected on 2-DE gels, such as low abundance proteins, can be quantified by MS-based approach. Second, for those proteins that can be identified by their constituent peptides, the identity of the full protein can be verified as part of each sample analysis. Third, a true quantitative measure of protein concentration, along with a multiplex approach and high sample throughput, eclipse the electrophoretic techniques. Among various MS-based techniques, MSE allows one to quantify proteins in complex mixtures based on the concentration of a standard protein that is spiked into analyzed sample. This technique uses an integrated approach comprising parallel, alternating scans of each sample at 1) low-collision energy to obtain precursor ion information, and 2) high-collision energy, to obtain full-scan accurate mass data in a single run (1). The MS spectra obtained at different collision energies are stored separatly. During data acquisition the quadrupole analyzer is not mass selective but is operated in the radio-frequency only mode. Thus, all ions pass to the TOF analyzer. This yields exact mass measured fragment ions that will be potentially observed for every peptide precursor ion present in the low-energy TOF dataset. Therefore, based on the known concentration of each standard protein in the sample it is possible to calculate concentrations of all pre-selected and identified proteins.
Rare parasitic lichens in alpine habitats as global climate change early indicators: their phylogeny, host specificity and phenotype characters
Duration:1. 10. 2011 - 31. 7. 2012
Evidence number:International Visegrád Fund 51100753
Program:International Visegrad Found (IVF)
Project leader:Mgr. Bérešová Anna, PhD.
Annotation:The research was performed by Mgr. Jan Vondrák, Ph.D., junior scientist of the Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, České Budějovice, Czech Republic. We analyzed ITS nrDNA regions in species of the genus Caloplaca and present evidence for five such examples: the Caloplaca cerina group, C. obscurella, the C. servitiana group, the C. xerica group and the C. variabilis group (Pyrenodesmia). In some cases, loss of anthraquinones is observed only in individuals within ordinarily pigmented populations, but sometimes the loss covers whole lineages containing one or more species. Both situations are observed in the C. servitiana group. Loss of anthraquinones is always followed by the synthesis of ‘alternative’ pigments (often Sedifolia-grey). In the specimens with anthraquinone-containing apothecia studied, these pigments are not visible in apothecial sections after dissolving anthraquinones in K. Fully unpigmented apothecia have not been observed. The Caloplaca xerica group was a newly established, infraspecific grouping of species related to, and similar to, C. xerica. The Caloplaca servitiana group is also newly established and represents an isolated lineage covering two rather different, but related species. Caloplaca neotaurica was described as a new species with apothecia of two colour variants; orange-red (with anthraquinones) and grey (with Sedifolia-grey). The genus Huea represents another taxon lacking anthraquinones within Teloschistaceae. The genera Apatoplaca and Cephalophysis, which lack anthraquinones, were tentatively placed in Teloschistaceae, but their phylogenetic identity has not been recognized. Hueidea was reported to have no anthraquinones, but its secondary metabolites should be studied further and its possible placement in Teloschistaceae assessed. We suggest that Caloplaca abbreviata var. lecideoides and C. celata represent variants of C. stillicidiorum lacking anthraquinones. We developed and tested approach to get successful DNA extracts and subsequently sequences of ITS nrDNA regions from the material of Caloplaca species originated from historical material from herbarium collections.
Partner countries:Czech Republic
Micropropagation of conifer trees - an alternative method of plant production
Duration:1. 1. 2011 - 22. 5. 2012
Evidence number:COST FP 0701
Program:COST
Project leader:RNDr. Salaj Terézia, DrSc.
SAS cosolvers:RNDr. Kormuťák Andrej, DrSc., Mgr. Matušíková Ildikó, PhD., doc. RNDr. Salaj Ján, DrSc.
Proteomics of Ch - The quantitative proteomics analysis of developing embryo, endosperm and seed coat in control and Chernobyl-grown plants
Duration:3. 9. 2007 - 2. 1. 2012
Evidence number:MIRG-CT-2007-200165
Program:7RP
Project leader:Mgr. Hajduch Martin, DrSc.
Phylogeny and taxonomy of the Alyssum montanum – A. repens complex (Brassicaceae)
Duration:1. 1. 2010 - 31. 12. 2011
Evidence number:
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol, DrSc.
Partner countries:Spain
Signalling control of stress tolerance and production of stress protective compounds in plants
Duration:1. 12. 2007 - 31. 12. 2011
Evidence number:COST akcia FA0605
Program:COST
Project leader:Mgr. Matušíková Ildikó, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Ing. Libantová Jana, CSc., Mgr. Matušíková Ildikó, PhD., doc. Ing. Moravčíková Jana, PhD.
Annotation:The project is focused on studying plant defense mechanisms against different environmental stresses such as heavy metals, pathogens, drought or cold. The aim is to identify key components of defense and evaluate their potential in biotechnology programs for improving plant resistance against environmental stresses.
Impact of vesicular trafficking in the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism processes
Duration:1. 1. 2007 - 31. 12. 2011
Evidence number:BIO2010-18239
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:Mgr. Ovečka Miroslav, PhD.
Partner countries:Spain
Plant proteomics - Plant proteomics in Europe
Duration:1. 1. 2007 - 1. 6. 2011
Evidence number:COST FA0603
Program:COST
Project leader:Prof., RNDr. Preťová Anna, DrSc.
SAS cosolvers:Mgr. Ďatko Miroslav, Mgr. Hajduch Martin, DrSc., Mgr. Klubicová Katarína, PhD., Mgr. Uváčková Ľubica, PhD.
Annotation:Nowadays, a logical complement of the genomic era, is the research on proteomics. Proteomics aims at profiling information by the characterization of proteins and their function, either by describing their differential expression, or their modifications observed during the study, their localization, the possible protein-protein interactions, and ultimately by unravelling how their expression is controlled within regulatory networks. Plant (and all living organisms) development, production of metabolites and defense mechanisms are driven by proteins. The project (network ) is concentrating on deeper understanding theese regulation procedures in plants.
Partner countries:Austria, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Spain
PESI - A Pan-European Species-directories Infrastructure – PESI
Duration:1. 5. 2008 - 1. 4. 2011
Evidence number:223806
Program:7RP
Project leader:prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol, DrSc.
Partner countries:European Union, Georgia, Israel, Russia, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine
EDIT - Towards the European Distributed Institute of Taxonomy (EDIT) - NoE
Duration:1. 1. 2006 - 28. 2. 2011
Evidence number:GOCE-CT-2006-018340
Program:6RP
Project leader:prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol, DrSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Spain, United Kingdom, United States
Project website:www.e-taxonomy.eu
Biosystematic studies of selected genera of the families Brassicaceae and Asteraceae in Central Europe and Balkan Peninsula
Duration:1. 1. 2008 - 31. 12. 2010
Evidence number:
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol, DrSc.
SAS cosolvers:RNDr. Hodálová Iva, CSc., Mgr. Mráz Patrik, PhD., RNDr. Šingliarová Barbora, PhD.
Partner countries:Bulgaria
CryoPlanet - Cryopreservation of crop species in Europe
Duration:20. 9. 2006 - 31. 12. 2010
Evidence number:COST 871
Program:COST
Project leader:RNDr. Salaj Terézia, DrSc.
Annotation:In the Institute of Plant Genetics and Biotechnology embryogenic tissues of selected conifer species (Pinus nigra Arn. and hybrid firs Abies alba x A. cephalonica and Abies alba x A. numidica have been initiated. The embryogenic tissues are characterised by the presence of numerous somatic embryos, that can produce whole plants in appropriate conditions. The embryogenic tissues represent a potential source of trees and are convenient for in vitro propagation of trees. The long-term maintenance of embryogenic cultures is very laborious. It requires transfer of tissues to new media in two-three weeks intervals. The method of cryopreservation could contribute to the long-term storage of tissues. The method has been applied to many conifer species with success. The aim of submitted project (in the frame of COST 871) is introduction of cryopreservation method for long-term storage of Pinus nigra and hybrid Abies cultures.
Partner countries:Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, United Kingdom
Origin and evolution of calcareous fens and their biota in the Western Carpathians: the question of glacial relicts and refuges
Duration:1. 1. 2008 - 31. 12. 2010
Evidence number:KJB601630803
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:RNDr. Dítě Daniel, PhD.
Partner countries:Czech Republic, Slovakia
Euroberry Research: from Genomics to Sustainable Production, Quality & Health
Duration:1. 1. 2005 - 20. 4. 2010
Evidence number:COST 863
Program:COST
Project leader:RNDr. Libiaková Gabriela, CSc.
SAS cosolvers:RNDr. Gajdošová Alena, CSc., Ing. Ondrušková Emília, PhD., Ing. Ostrolucká Mária Gabriela, CSc.
Annotation:Anot. angl:The main objective of the COST 863 Action is to improve the quality and production of berries to benefit health of the consumers and maintain profitable European production using sustainable systems. By using a new interdisciplinary approach the programme will focus on selected topics of major importance for the European berry production system and quality control.The objective will be achieved by focussing on four areas of research and development:• From genomics to variety evaluation• Nursery production system and plant quality control• Plant physiology and culture management.• Health for the consumer: components and factors affecting berry nutritional value.
Partner countries:Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
Project website:http://www.euroberry.it
Building of Carpathian Biodiversity Information system and design of the ecological network for the Western Carpathians
Duration:1. 1. 2007 - 31. 3. 2010
Evidence number:DBU 24829-33/0
Program:Multilaterálne - iné
Project leader:RNDr. Jarolímek Ivan, CSc.
SAS cosolvers:RNDr. Valachovič Milan, DrSc., Mgr. Vantarová Katarína, PhD.
Partner countries:Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia
Diversity of selected groups of cyanophytes and alga in Slovakia and Poland
Duration:1. 1. 2007 - 31. 12. 2009
Evidence number:4/2007
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:Mgr. Hindáková Alica, PhD.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Poland
Diversity of selected groups of fungi in Slovakia and Poland
Duration:1. 1. 2007 - 31. 12. 2009
Evidence number:3/2007
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:Mgr. Adamčík Slavomír, PhD.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Poland
Agrobacterium mediated transformation and development of molecular markers for genetic characterization of novel genotypes of Amaranthus spp.
Duration:1. 1. 2009 - 31. 12. 2009
Evidence number:SK – ZA-0008-07”
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:RNDr. Libiaková Gabriela, CSc.
SAS cosolvers:RNDr. Gajdošová Alena, CSc., Ing. Hricová Andrea, PhD.
Annotation:Amaranthus species have drawn a great interest in the last years as the agronomic crops. Amaranth can be grown in arid and semi-arid conditions what is an alternative for conditions of the global climate warming. It contribute to mitigate CO2, the factor provoking greenhouse effects. Because of high biomass production and ability to accumulate heavy metals, can be also used as a renewable energy source and for phytoremediation. Amaranth has promising nutritional potentional comapred to cereals or legumes. It has high protein content and balanced amino acid composition. Gluten free products wrere developed in order to suply food for people suffering from celiatic disease. The problem could be the occurence of antinutritional factors in amaranth (oxalic acid, saponines, proteases, etc.), which have to be elimainated by the heat treating.One of the approaches how to obtain/improve important traits in amaranth is genetic transformation – the transfrer of fully characterized, desired genes into the plant genome. Genetic modification of existing Amaranthus species would thus seems a fast way to solve problems with elimination of antinutritional factors.
Partner countries:South Africa
In vitro regeneration of highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.), determination of the genetic variability and development of in vitro transformation protocol
Duration:1. 1. 2008 - 31. 12. 2009
Evidence number:SK – SRB –„02006“
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:RNDr. Gajdošová Alena, CSc.
SAS cosolvers:RNDr. Libiaková Gabriela, CSc., Ing. Ostrolucká Mária Gabriela, CSc.
Annotation:During the past, the interest about the production of small fruit is still increasing, because of its high nutritional and dietetic value. Scientific objectives of the project are increasing of regeneration and micropropagation effectivity of a broad assortment of Vaccinium corymbosum L. cultivars, production of high quality pathogen-free plants, testing for genetic stability of in vitro propagated plants and elaboration of effective regeneration/transformation system for transfer of desired genes into Vaccinium genome.
The polarity establishment and studies on the cytoskeleton structure and changes in maize androgenesis
Duration:1. 1. 2007 - 31. 12. 2009
Evidence number:15
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:Prof., RNDr. Preťová Anna, DrSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Hungary
Studies of selected physiological and molecular parameters involved in plant resistance to fungal pathogens.
Duration:1. 1. 2007 - 31. 12. 2009
Evidence number:
Program:Medziústavná dohoda
Project leader:doc. RNDr. Salaj Ján, DrSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Poland
Root hair tip growth and adaptation to environmental stress conditions
Duration:1. 1. 2007 - 31. 12. 2009
Evidence number:
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:Mgr. Ovečka Miroslav, PhD.
SAS cosolvers:Mgr. Ovečka Miroslav, PhD.
Partner countries:Austria
ENSCONET - European Native Seed Conservation Network
Duration:1. 11. 2004 - 31. 10. 2009
Evidence number:RICA – CT – 2004 – 506109
Program:6RP
Project leader:prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol, DrSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, France, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Spain, United Kingdom
Project website: http://www.ensconet.com
LOTASSA - Bridging genomics and agrosystem managment: Resources for adaptation and sustainaable productionof Lotuss spp. in environmentaly constrained South – Americal soils
Duration:1. 12. 2005 - 31. 5. 2009
Evidence number:FP6 – 517617
Program:6RP
Project leader:doc. RNDr. Mistrík Igor, CSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Argentina, Brazil, Denmark, Germany, Chile, Spain, Uruguay
Project website: www.lotassa.org
Biosystematic and phylogeographic studies of the genera Cardamine, Hesperts and Thlaspi (Brassicaceae) and the genus Hieracium (Asteraceae) in Southern Europe
Duration:1. 1. 2006 - 31. 12. 2008
Evidence number:
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol, DrSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Bulgaria
Classification of xerotherm vegetation syntaxa
Duration:1. 1. 2006 - 31. 12. 2008
Evidence number:
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:RNDr. Zaliberová Mária, CSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Czech Republic
Vegetation survey of Korean Peninsula
Duration:1. 1. 2006 - 31. 12. 2008
Evidence number:
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:RNDr. Jarolímek Ivan, CSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Czech Republic
Somatic embryogenesis and developing of abiotic and biotic stress tolerance in regard of flax, maize, barley and potato
Duration:1. 1. 2002 - 31. 12. 2008
Evidence number:
Program:Medziústavná dohoda
Project leader:Prof., RNDr. Preťová Anna, DrSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Bulgaria
Vegetation succession
Duration:1. 1. 2006 - 31. 12. 2008
Evidence number:
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:RNDr. Valachovič Milan, DrSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Czech Republic
Diversity of flora of the Slovak Republic and the Czech Republic II: vascular and non – vascular plants
Duration:1. 1. 2006 - 31. 12. 2007
Evidence number:SK-CZ-01806
Program:Medzivládna dohoda
Project leader:RNDr. Lackovičová Anna, CSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Czech Republic
Vegetation diversity along a continentally gradient in southern Siberia: a key to understanding Early Postlacial history of Central Europe
Duration:1. 1. 2003 - 31. 12. 2007
Evidence number:
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:RNDr. Valachovič Milan, DrSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Czech Republic
Vegetation variability on landscape and geographical scale: gradient analysis, classification, interpretations
Duration:1. 1. 2005 - 31. 12. 2007
Evidence number:B601630504
Program:Multilaterálne - iné
Project leader:Mgr. Sadloňová Jana
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Czech Republic
Effects of heavy metal stress on cell architecture of tip – growing plant cells: Intracellular localization of metal ions
Duration:1. 1. 2006 - 31. 12. 2007
Evidence number:
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:RNDr. Čiamporová Milada, CSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Spain
The impact of toxic mine wastes on plant life
Duration:1. 3. 2007 - 31. 12. 2007
Evidence number: 57s09
Program:Medzivládna dohoda
Project leader:RNDr. Banásová Viera, CSc.
SAS cosolvers:RNDr. Čiamporová Milada, CSc., RNDr. Gurinová Erika, RNDr. Illéš Peter, PhD., Mgr. Nadubinská Miriam, PhD., Mgr. Ovečka Miroslav, PhD.
Partner countries:Austria
Development of biotechnological methods for improvement of recalcitrant crop plants
Duration:1. 8. 2002 - 31. 7. 2007
Evidence number:
Program:Medziústavná dohoda
Project leader:Prof., RNDr. Preťová Anna, DrSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Russia
MePolHair - Participation of endomembranes and components of the cell wall on the maintenance of plant cell polarity
Duration:1. 3. 2006 - 28. 2. 2007
Evidence number:MERG – CT – 2005/031168
Program:6RP
Project leader:Mgr. Ovečka Miroslav, PhD.
Annotation:no description
Diversity and distribution of non-vascular plants in the Carpathians
Duration:1. 6. 2004 - 31. 12. 2006
Evidence number:
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:RNDr. Lackovičová Anna, CSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Poland
Phytoplankton studies on the Slovak and Hungarian stretch of the River Danube and its main tributaries
Duration:1. 1. 2004 - 31. 12. 2006
Evidence number:
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:prof. RNDr. Hindák František, DrSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Hungary
Gametic cells and molecular breeding for improvement of agricultural crops.
Duration:1. 1. 2002 - 31. 12. 2006
Evidence number:851
Program:COST
Project leader:Prof., RNDr. Preťová Anna, DrSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
INTRABIODIV - Tracking surrogates for infraspecific biodiversity: towards efficient selection strategies for the conservation of natural genetic resources using comparative mapping and modeling approaches)
Duration:1. 1. 2004 - 31. 12. 2006
Evidence number:GOCE – CT – 2004 – 505376
Program:6RP
Project leader:prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol, DrSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Switzerland
Project website:http://intrabiodiv.vitamib.com
Parasitic Plant Management in Sustainable Agriculture
Duration:1. 1. 2005 - 31. 12. 2006
Evidence number:849
Program:COST
Project leader:RNDr. Matúšová Radoslava, PhD.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Spain, United Kingdom
Proteomics of Seed_Filling in Oilseeds
Duration:1. 1. 2004 - 31. 12. 2006
Evidence number:
Program:NSF
Project leader:Mgr. Hajduch Martin, DrSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:United States
The study of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling to the action cytoskeleton
Duration:1. 1. 2005 - 31. 12. 2006
Evidence number:
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:doc. RNDr. Salaj Ján, DrSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Germany
Courese in Plant Biotechnology
Duration:1. 1. 2004 - 31. 12. 2006
Evidence number:
Program:SOCRATES
Project leader:Prof., RNDr. Preťová Anna, DrSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:France
MIDCC - Macrophyte Inventory Danube/Corridor and Catchment
Duration:1. 5. 2002 - 31. 5. 2006
Evidence number:bm:bwk GZ 45512/1 – VI/B/7a
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:RNDr. Oťaheľová Helena, CSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Austria
Evolutionary phylogenetics and ecological genetics of selected pan – Eurasian Brassicaceae, Arabidopsis and Cardamine
Duration:1. 4. 2004 - 31. 3. 2006
Evidence number:
Program:Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader:prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol, DrSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Japan
DAGOLIGN - Development and growth of leaves: identification of genetic networks
Duration:1. 2. 2003 - 31. 1. 2006
Evidence number:00267
Program:6RP
Project leader:Ing. Hricová Andrea, PhD.
Annotation:no description
Plant biotechnology methods for modern agriculture
Duration:1. 1. 2001 - 31. 12. 2005
Evidence number:
Program:Medziústavná dohoda
Project leader:Prof., RNDr. Preťová Anna, DrSc.
Annotation:no description
Partner countries:Romania
Developing of the Arctic Vegetation Archive and synthesis of Arctic vegetation
Duration:16. 3. 1942 - 15. 6. 1942
Evidence number:SAIA 12629
Program:Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader:RNDr. Šibík Jozef, PhD.
Annotation:The Alaska Arctic Vegetation Archive (Alaska-AVA) is a prototype database for the Arctic Vegetation Archive (AVA). The goal of the AVA is to unite and harmonize vegetation data from the Arctic tundra biome for use in developing a pan-Arctic vegetation classification. This open-access database is the first to represent an entire global biome, utilizing a unique data dictionary and species list within the Turboveg database program. The Alaska-AVA prototype contains complete species lists and cover estimates for homogeneous plots in typical habitats of northern Alaska. The database contains 3156 total plots. In addition to plot data, the Alaska-AVA contains an array of ancillary data, such as original data reports, plot photographs, plant-species cover estimates, vegetation structure, key publications and, where available, soils information, site factors, geographic coordinates, aboveground phytomass, and ground-based spectral information.
Partner countries:United States